Ecology of Heteropneustes fossilis
 
Main Ref. Rainboth, W.J., 1996
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Heteropneustes fossilis may be found.
Remarks Found mainly in ponds, ditches, swamps and marshes, but sometimes occurs in muddy rivers. Recorded as having been or being farmed in rice fields (Ref. 119549). Can tolerate slightly brackish water.

Substrate

Substrate Soft Bottom: mud;
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref. Halwart, M. and M.V. Gupta, 2004

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Arunachalam, M., J.A. Johnson, A. Sankaranarayanan, R. Soranam, A. Manimekalan and P.N. Shanthi, 2000
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Weliange, W.S. and U.S. Amarasinghe, 2007
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.59 0.28 3.52 0.47 Troph of adults from 3 studies.
Ref. Weliange, W.S. and U.S. Amarasinghe, 2007
From individual food items 3.89 0.63 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sampang-Reyes, Arlene G. on 10.09.00
Modified by Capuli, Estelita Emily on 07.31.19
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