Ecology of Pholis laeta
 
Main Ref. Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983
Remarks Frequently in intertidal areas, in tidepools or under rocks protected by seaweeds (Ref. 2850). May remain out of water under rocks or seaweed (Ref. 31184). Probably feeds on small crustaceans and marine worms. Breathes air when out of water.

Aquatic zones / Water bodies

Marine - Neritic Marine - Oceanic Brackishwater Freshwater
Marine zones / Brackish and freshwater bodies
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Pholis laeta may be found.

Habitat

Substrate : rocky;
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats Beds: sea grass;
Special habitats Ref.

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type Ref. Armstrong, R.H., 1996
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit Ref. Armstrong, R.H., 1996

Trophic Level(s)

Estimation method Original sample Unfished population Remark
Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
From individual food items 3.27 0.39 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
Ref.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 11.04.00
Modified by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 11.26.00
Checked by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 11.26.00
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