Ecology of Carassius auratus
 
Main Ref. Richardson, M.J., F.G. Whoriskey and L.H. Roy, 1995
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Carassius auratus may be found.
Remarks Inhabit rivers, lakes, ponds and ditches (Ref. 5258, 10294) with stagnant or slow-flowing water (Ref. 30578). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). They live better in cold water. Maximum recorded salinity is 17 ppt (Ref. 39171), but unable to withstand prolonged exposure above 15 ppt (Ref. 39172, 39174). Goldfish prefer warm waters in lakes and slow flowing rivers (Ref. 30486). They usually live over soft, muddy river beds, in areas with soft submerged vegetation (Ref. 30486). Feed on a wide range of food including plants, small crustaceans, insects, and detritus (Ref. 5258, 10294). Feed on plants, insects, and detritus (Ref. 5258, 10411). Reported host of bodonid flagellate Cryptobia sp. (Ref. 26129).

Substrate

Substrate Soft Bottom: mud;
Substrate Ref. Pollard, D.A., L.C. Llewellyn and R.D.J. Tilzey, 1980
Special habitats vegetation
Special habitats Ref. Halwart, M. and M.V. Gupta, 2004

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly plants/detritus (troph. 2-2.19)
Feeding type ref Man, S.H. and I.J. Hodgkiss, 1981
Feeding habit grazing on aquatic plants
Feeding habit ref
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 2.00 2.00 0.00 Troph of adults from 1 study.
Ref. Dudgeon, D., 1983
From individual food items 2.86 0.31 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sa-a, Pascualita on 03.25.97
Modified by Cachuela Palacio, Monalisa on 03.01.10
Checked by Miranda, Lilibeth on 05.10.01
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