Ecology of Hippoglossus hippoglossus
Main Ref. Sparholt, H., 1990
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Hippoglossus hippoglossus may be found.
Remarks Benthic but occasionally pelagic (Ref. 4705). Feeds mainly on other fishes (cod, haddock, pogge, sand-eels, herring, capelin), but also takes cephalopods, large crustaceans and other bottom-living animals (Ref. 9988). Parasites of the species include monogeneans, trematodes, cestodes, nematodes, acanthocephalans and copepods (Ref. 5951).


Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.


Associated with
Association remarks


Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Sparholt, H., 1990
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Sparholt, H., 1990
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 4.00 0.45 4.27 0.66 Troph of juv./adults from 4 studies.
Ref. Haug, T., 1990
From individual food items 4.28 0.74 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sa-a, Pascualita on 11.28.96
Modified by OrtaƱez, Auda Kareen on 08.02.07
Checked by Miranda, Lilibeth on 05.01.31
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