Ecology of Trachurus mediterraneus
Main Ref. Smith-Vaniz, W.F., 1986
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Trachurus mediterraneus may be found.
Remarks Found usually near the bottom, at times also in surface waters; pelagic and migratory in large schools. Feeds on other fishes especially sardines, anchovies, etc. and small crustaceans (Ref. 4233).


Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.


Associated with
Association remarks


Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Smith-Vaniz, W.F., 1986
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.77 0.27 3.56 0.39 Troph of juv./adults from 2 studies.
Ref. Kyrtatos, N.A., 1998
From individual food items 3.37 0.43 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sa-a, Pascualita on 06.09.00
Modified by Pablico, Grace Tolentino on 11.11.05
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