Mobula birostris was reported from 84 countries/islands


Table 1: the species is currently present in 82 of them (endemic, native, introduced);
Table 2: possible in 2 of them (stray, questionable);
Table 3: absent from 0 of them (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: all reports listed together.

Distribution: Circumglobal, tropical to temperate: in the Northern Hemisphere, as far north as southern California and Rhode Island on the United States west and east coasts, Mutsu Bay, Aomori, Japan, the Sinai Peninsula, Egypt and the Azores Islands; in the Southern Hemisphere, as far south as Peru, Uruguay, South Africa and New Zealand. In some locations, including Mozambique, it is sympatric with Manta alfredi.
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Table 1: Present in 82 countries/islands (endemic, native, introduced)
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Asia Andaman Is. ANI native 87596
Africa Angola AGO native 3166
North America Aruba ABW native 5217
Africa Ascension I. ASC native 98447
Oceania Australia AUS native 75154
North America Bermuda BMU native 7251
South America Brazil BRA native 7251
North America Canada CAN native 11980
Africa Canary Is. CNY native 34019
Africa Cape Verde CPV native 94080
North America Cayman Is. CYM native 9761
Asia Chagos Is. CHG native 27307
Asia China CHN native 57879
Asia Christmas I. CXR native 30874
South America Cocos I. (C.R.) CCC native 28023
Asia Cocos Is. (Keel) CCK native 9399
South America Colombia COL native 2850
Oceania Cook Is. COK native 34027
North America Costa Rica CRI native 2850
North America Cuba CUB native 54206
North America Curaçao I. CUW native 5217
Africa Djibouti DJI native 5450
South America Ecuador ECU native 40498
North America El Salvador SLV native 2850
Oceania Fiji FJI native 40762
South America French Guiana GUF native 5217
Oceania French Polynesia PYF native 89972
South America Galapagos Is. GOS native 5227
Oceania Guam GUM native 37816
North America Guatemala GTM native 2850
Africa Guinea GIN native 41002
Africa Guinea-Bissau GNB native 26999
South America Guyana GUY native 5217
Oceania Hawaii HWI native 58302
North America Honduras HND native 2850
Asia Hong Kong HKG native 31075
Asia India IND native 45255
Asia Indonesia IDN native 5978
North America Jamaica JAM native 27228
Asia Japan JPN native 559
Africa Madeira Is. MRA native 74541
Asia Maldives MDV native 11303
Oceania Marquesas Is. MQS native 1602
Oceania Marshall Is. MHL native 37816
Africa Mauritania MRT native 5377
Africa Mauritius MUS native 58078
Africa Mayotte MYT native 97629
North America Mexico MEX native 26550
Oceania Micronesia FSM native 1602
Oceania Midway Is. MID native 28620
Oceania New Zealand NZL native 101161
North America Nicaragua NIC native 6268
Oceania North Marianas MNP native 37816
Asia Ogasawara Is. OGW native 26066
Asia Oman OMN native 11441
Oceania Palau PLW native 37816
North America Panama PAN native 2850
Oceania Papua New Guinea PNG native 6993
South America Peru PER native 5530
Asia Philippines PHL native 47737
North America Puerto Rico PRI native 49934
Africa Réunion REU native 53568
North America Revillagigedo REV native 28023
Africa Senegal SEN native 4442
Africa Seychelles SYC native 1623
Africa Sierra Leone SLE native 4743
Africa Socotra Arch SOC native 37631
Africa Somalia SOM native 30573
Africa South Africa ZAF native 5578
South America Suriname SUR native 5217
Asia Taiwan TWN native 5193
Asia Timor-Leste TLS Native 118793
Oceania Tonga TON native 53797
North America Trinidad Tobago TTO native 5217
Oceania Tuamotu Is. TUA native 1602
South America Uruguay URY native 58839
North America USA USA native 2850
South America Venezuela VEN native 5217
Asia Viet Nam VNM native 9705
North America Virgin Is. (US) VIR native 26180
Oceania Wake I. WAK native 37816
Asia Yemen YEM native 37631

Table 2: Possible in 2 countries/islands (stray, questionable)
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
North America Alaska ALK questionable 96339
Africa Mozambique MOZ questionable 57683

Table 4: Reported from 84 countries/islands.
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
North America Alaska ALK questionable 96339
Asia Andaman Is. ANI native 87596
Africa Angola AGO native 3166
North America Aruba ABW native 5217
Africa Ascension I. ASC native 98447
Oceania Australia AUS native 75154
North America Bermuda BMU native 7251
South America Brazil BRA native 7251
North America Canada CAN native 11980
Africa Canary Is. CNY native 34019
Africa Cape Verde CPV native 94080
North America Cayman Is. CYM native 9761
Asia Chagos Is. CHG native 27307
Asia China CHN native 57879
Asia Christmas I. CXR native 30874
South America Cocos I. (C.R.) CCC native 28023
Asia Cocos Is. (Keel) CCK native 9399
South America Colombia COL native 2850
Oceania Cook Is. COK native 34027
North America Costa Rica CRI native 2850
North America Cuba CUB native 54206
North America Curaçao I. CUW native 5217
Africa Djibouti DJI native 5450
South America Ecuador ECU native 40498
North America El Salvador SLV native 2850
Oceania Fiji FJI native 40762
South America French Guiana GUF native 5217
Oceania French Polynesia PYF native 89972
South America Galapagos Is. GOS native 5227
Oceania Guam GUM native 37816
North America Guatemala GTM native 2850
Africa Guinea GIN native 41002
Africa Guinea-Bissau GNB native 26999
South America Guyana GUY native 5217
Oceania Hawaii HWI native 58302
North America Honduras HND native 2850
Asia Hong Kong HKG native 31075
Asia India IND native 45255
Asia Indonesia IDN native 5978
North America Jamaica JAM native 27228
Asia Japan JPN native 559
Africa Madeira Is. MRA native 74541
Asia Maldives MDV native 11303
Oceania Marquesas Is. MQS native 1602
Oceania Marshall Is. MHL native 37816
Africa Mauritania MRT native 5377
Africa Mauritius MUS native 58078
Africa Mayotte MYT native 97629
North America Mexico MEX native 26550
Oceania Micronesia FSM native 1602
Oceania Midway Is. MID native 28620
Africa Mozambique MOZ questionable 57683
Oceania New Zealand NZL native 101161
North America Nicaragua NIC native 6268
Oceania North Marianas MNP native 37816
Asia Ogasawara Is. OGW native 26066
Asia Oman OMN native 11441
Oceania Palau PLW native 37816
North America Panama PAN native 2850
Oceania Papua New Guinea PNG native 6993
South America Peru PER native 5530
Asia Philippines PHL native 47737
North America Puerto Rico PRI native 49934
Africa Réunion REU native 53568
North America Revillagigedo REV native 28023
Africa Senegal SEN native 4442
Africa Seychelles SYC native 1623
Africa Sierra Leone SLE native 4743
Africa Socotra Arch SOC native 37631
Africa Somalia SOM native 30573
Africa South Africa ZAF native 5578
South America Suriname SUR native 5217
Asia Taiwan TWN native 5193
Asia Timor-Leste TLS Native 118793
Oceania Tonga TON native 53797
North America Trinidad Tobago TTO native 5217
Oceania Tuamotu Is. TUA native 1602
South America Uruguay URY native 58839
North America USA USA native 2850
South America Venezuela VEN native 5217
Asia Viet Nam VNM native 9705
North America Virgin Is. (US) VIR native 26180
Oceania Wake I. WAK native 37816
Asia Yemen YEM native 37631
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The map in this page was supported by BioFresh that has received funding from the
European Union's Seventh Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement No 226874

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