Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; brackish; demersal. Temperate; 43°N - 40°N, 22°E - 27°E
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 32.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1441)
Diagnosed from its congeners in Europe by the following characters: anal fin with 15-18½ (usually 16½) branched rays; back not keeled behind dorsal base; in spawning season, males with a broad black midlateral stripe, belly and check white (Ref. 59043).
Eurasia: Northern Aegean basin from Maritza to Pinios drainages (Turkey, Greece, Bulgaria, Macedonia).
Inhabits rivers and streams, usually with relatively swift current (Ref. 59043). Also occurs in lakes and lowland water courses with little current. Feeds on invertebrates and plants (Ref. 26100). Spawns among stones in large rivers (Ref. 59043). Threatened due to habitat destruction, angling and water abstraction (Ref. 26100).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00404 - 0.01032), b=3.19 (3.06 - 3.32), based on LWR estimates for species & (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.28 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .