Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 8.0 - 8.5; dH range: 10 - 20. Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 13371), preferred ?; 13°S - 15°S
Africa: Endemic to Lake Malawi. Recorded from Maleri Islands to Chinyamwezi Rocks (Ref. 5595).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5595)
Occurs throughout the rocky habitat. In other places, it is mostly found in the sediment-free zone. Typical feeding position is at an angle of about 45° with the horizontal substrate. Nibbles, tears, and wrenches tightly attached algae from the substrate. May feed exclusively on plankton if it is abundant (Ref. 5595).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Produces up to 40 eggs.
Konings, A., 2007. Malawi cichlids in their natural habitat. 4th edition. Cichlid Press, El Paso, USA. 424p. (Ref. 79521)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .