Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Percopsiformes
(Trout-perches, pirate perches and cavef) > Amblyopsidae
Etymology: Speoplatyrhinus: Greek, speos = cave + Greek, platys = flat + Greek, rhinos = nose; literally : the great flattened nose of the cave (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal. Temperate; 35°N - 34°N
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 4.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)
soft rays: 8 - 9. Long flat head constricted behind snout. White. No eyes. No pelvic fins. No branched fin rays; incised fin membranes. Caudal fin with 4 rows of papillae; 21-22 caudal rays ( all unbranched).
North America: known only from Key Cave in Alabama, USA.
Adults inhabit subterranean water (Ref. 5723). Highly cave-adapted species. Eggs are carried in gill chambers of females (Ref. 205). Threatened by groundwater pollution from agriculture runoff (Ref. 10172).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Incubates eggs in gill chamber of females (Ref. 205).
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0088 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .