Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Pimelodidae
Etymology: Sorubim: Brazilian local name, sorubim (Ref. 45335); lima: Name from Latin 'lima' meaning file, referring to the ventrally exposed premaxillary tooth patch (Ref. 57983).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 6.5 - 7.8; dH range: ? - 20. Tropical; 23°C - 30°C (Ref. 1672); 8°N - 11°S
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 23.2  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 54.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 79585); max. published weight: 1.3 kg (Ref. 40637)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 19 - 22. Distinguished from S. elongatus by having modally 9 pectoral rays; 21 anal-fin rays; 16 gill rakers; large vomerine tooth patches, almost always fused; a more robust, deeper head and body; body somewhat compressed laterally; mental barbels equal or anterior to gular apex. Differs from S. cuspicaudus in having rounded caudal fin lobes and more robust body; from S. trigonocephalus by premaxillary tooth patch length being 1.5 to 2.5 times its width; trenchantly differs from S. maniradii in having only 13-18 gill rakers. Additionally, other distinguishing characters include, pelvic fins that contact or nearly reach anal fin origin when depressed and presence of thin plates or ossicles (highly variable in shape) extending vertically on anterior lateral line in most large adults (Ref. 57983).
South America: Amazon, Orinoco, Paraná and Parnaíba River basins. Syntopic with S. elongatus in the Orinoco basin and with S. elongatus and S. maniradii in the upper Amazon drainage of Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia (Ref. 57983).
Occurs in schools. Is mainly nocturnal. Feeds primarily on fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 9084).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lundberg, J.G. and M.W. Littmann, 2003. Pimelodidae (Long-whiskered catfishes). p. 432-446. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36506)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00284 - 0.00970), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), based on LWR estimates for species & (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.71 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.27).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .