Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Trichomycteridae
(Pencil or parasitic catfishes) > Trichomycterinae
Etymology: bortayro: Named for Gonzalo Padilla Bortayro, who first collected material of this species and brought it to the attention of the authors.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55738)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8 - 10. Differs from other species of the subfamily Trichomycterinae by the extreme elongation of the opercle and narrow odontode-bearing distal plate. Further differs by having elongated and curved coronoid process of the lower jaw. The lack of pelvic fin and girdle further differs this species from all other Trichomycterinae except Eremophilus mutisii, E. candidus and Trichomycterus catamarcensis, species that are readily distinguished from Silvinichthys bortayro by their coloration pattern. The pale integumentary pigmentation and reduction of the eyes are troglomorphic characters that are paralleled only in cave-dwelling species Trichomycterus itacarambiensis and T. chaberti among presently known trichomycterines. Can be easily distinguished from those two species by its proportionally much shorter body and fewer pectoral-fin rays (6 vs 7 and 10, respectively). Further differs except Silvinichthys mendozensis by the absece of a latero-sensory canal branch in the frontal and sphenotic; and also differs from S. mendozensis in having 6 versus 7 or 8 pectoral-fin rays and the absence versus presence of the pelvic fin and girdle (Ref. 55738).
South America: artificial wells in western Argentina.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Fernández, L. and M.C.C. de Pinna, 2005. Phreatic catfish of the genus Silvinichthys from southern South America (Teleostei, Siluriformes, Trichomycteridae). Copeia 2005(1):100-108. (Ref. 55738)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .