Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Sebastidae
(Rockfishes, rockcods and thornyheads) > Sebastinae
Etymology: Sebastes: Greek, sebastes = august, venerable (Ref. 45335); brevispinis: From the Latin brevis and spinus, meaning 'short' and 'spine' (Ref. 27436).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 375 m (Ref. 6793). Subtropical; 60°N - 23°N, 178°W - 110°W
Northeast Pacific: Bering Sea coast of Alaska (Ref. 27436) to Baja California, Mexico.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 46.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 71.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850); max. published weight: 4.7 kg (Ref. 40637); max. reported age: 82 years (Ref. 39247)
soft rays: 7 - 8. Head spines weak - nasal, preocular and parietal spines present, supraocular, postocular, tympanic, coronal and nuchal spines absent (Ref. 27437). Lower jaw long and protruding beyond upper jaw; distinct symphyseal knob; maxillary extends to rear of orbit (Ref. 27437). Caudal fin indented (Ref. 6885). Greenish to silver gray, white tinged with orange or pink ventrally; lips dusky (Ref. 27437).
Occur just above the bottom, sometimes found in rocky caverns and crevices (Ref. 27436). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 6885). Rarely caught by anglers (Ref. 27436). Filleted and sold indiscriminately with other rockfish; flavor and texture of flesh particularly good (Ref. 27436).
Ovoviviparous (Ref. 6885). Also Ref. 34817.
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 4.1 - 8.6, mean 5.8 (based on 200 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.07-0.10; tmax=82).
Prior r = 0.16, 2 SD range = 0.04 - 0.64, log(r) = -1.83, SD log(r) = 0.69, Based on: 1 K, 1 tmax, 1 Fec records
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .