Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Osmeriformes
(Smelts) > Retropinnidae
(New Zealand smelts) > Retropinninae
Etymology: Retropinna: Latin, retro = backwards, on the back side + Latin, pinna = thorn (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; anadromous (Ref. 51243). Temperate; 41°S - 44°S (Ref. 26213)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5259); common length : 5.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5259)
Oceania: Endemic to Tasmania.
Inhabits estuaries and the lower reaches of coastal streams (Ref. 44894). Occurs in lowland streams, forming schools that feeds at or near the surface on insects and zooplankton. Found among the annual Tasmanian whitebait migrations in shoals with Lovettia seali and various galaxiids. Most of the life cycle is spent at the sea (Ref. 44894). The species is thought to have an anadromous life cycle involving upstream migration of adults from the sea prior to spawning. Newly hatched larvae are carried on tides out to sea where they develop to maturity (ref. 44894).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R., 1989. Freshwater fishes of Australia. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., Neptune City, New Jersey. (Ref. 5259)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; bait: usually
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6406 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.42 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .