Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Labridae
Etymology: Pseudolabrus: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, labrax = a fish, Dicentrarchus labrax (Ref. 45335); miles: Specific epithet 'miles' is from the Latin word soldier; referring to the scarlet body color resembling 19th century soldier's uniforms.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 4 - 40 m (Ref. 26203), usually 10 - 40 m (Ref. 26203). Temperate
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 27.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26203); 26.9 cm SL (female)
Southwest Pacific: known only from New Zealand including the Snares Islands, Stewart Island, Clatham Islands, and the Three Kings Islands.
Feeds on small mobile animals, preferably crabs. Searches for food among encrusting organisms and algal holdfasts using the large forward-jutting canine teeth to rake its food from the substratum (Ref. 26966).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, with distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Russell, B.C., 1988. Revision of the labrid fish genus Pseudolabrus and allied genera. Rec. Aust. Mus. (Suppl. 9):1-72. (Ref. 26203)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02188 (0.00975 - 0.04907), b=2.98 (2.77 - 3.19), based on LWR estimates for this Family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100) .