Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Muraenidae
(Moray eels) > Muraeninae
Etymology: Pseudechidna: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, echidna = viper (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 8 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical; 25°N - 22°S
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 103 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
Indo-Pacific: western Indian Ocean to Samoa, north to the Ryukyu Islands.
Inhabits reef flats and shallow lagoons, usually buried in the sand or rubble (Ref. 9710, 48635). Occasionally seen swimming between its burrows in shallow protected areas (Ref. 48635). A gonochoristic species (Ref. 32169). Solitary (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Chen, H.-M., K.-T. Shao and C.T. Chen, 1994. A review of the muraenid eels (Family Muraenidae) from Taiwan with descriptions of twelve new records. Zool. Stud. 33(1):44-64. (Ref. 6934)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00112 (0.00053 - 0.00237), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .