Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Nomeidae
Etymology: Psenes: Greek, psenos, -e, -on = without hair (Ref. 45335). More on author: Lütken.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; brackish; pelagic-oceanic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 1281 m (Ref. 58018). Subtropical, preferred ?; 41°N - 7°N
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48637)
Atlantic Ocean: Canada (Ref. 5951) to New Jersey, USA to northern South America (Ref. 7251); reported from southern Africa. Also Indian and Pacific oceans.
Epipelagic or mesopelagic in oceanic temperate waters. Rarely seen (Ref. 6891). Juveniles swim among tentacles of jellies (Ref. 48637).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Haedrich, R.L., 1986. Nomeidae. p. 846-850. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4412)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5313 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tm=2-4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .