Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Pristigasteridae
Etymology: Pliosteostoma: Greek, pleios = more + Greek, osteon = bone + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335).
This species is placed in Clupeidae in Eschmeyer (CofF ver. July 2013: Ref. 93826), in Pristigasteridae by Lavoué (pers. comm., July 2013).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 188). Tropical; 25°N - 3°N, 109°W - 77°W (Ref. 188)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763); common length : 15.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763)
soft rays: 49 - 51. Belly with about 27 or 28 scutes. Lower jaw projecting, mouth pointing obliquely upward; a distinct toothed hypo-maxillary bone between hind tip of pre-maxilla and lower bulge of maxilla blade; upper jaw not reaching back beyond eye center. Dorsal fin behind midpoint of body; anal fin long, its origin a little before dorsal fin. A silver band along flank.
Eastern Central Pacific: Mazatlán, Mexico to Ecuador.
Occurs in coastal waters (Ref. 9336), including estuaries to a depth of 50 m (Ref. 96339).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00401 - 0.01981), b=3.04 (2.85 - 3.23), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .