Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Hexagrammidae
(Greenlings) > Pleurogramminae
Etymology: Pleurogrammus: Greek, pleura = side, ribe + Greek, gramma = letter, signal (Ref. 45335). More on author: Jordan.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 240 m (Ref. 50610). Temperate; 61°N - 33°N, 119°E - 162°E (Ref. 54705)
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 25 - 31 cm
Max length : 62.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56557); max. published weight: 1.6 kg (Ref. 56557); max. reported age: 12 years (Ref. 56527)
Vertebrae: 59 - 62. Dorsal fin without notch, if present, very shallow. Lateral lines 5. Strongly developed ridges on the upper surface of the skull.
Northwest Pacific: Primorskii Krai in Russia, the Sea of Okhotsk and the Kuril Islands to Ibaraki Prefecture and Tsushima in Japan to the Yellow Sea.
Juveniles form large schools near the surface; adults are benthic (Ref. 559). Utilized fresh, dried or salted and frozen; can be pan-fried and broiled (Ref. 9988).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Female deposits egg mass in crevices or gravel in rocky coast less than 20 m depth. Male guards the eggs.
Shinohara, G. and K. Amaoka, 1994. Stellistius katsukii Jordan et Tanaka, 1927, a junior synonym of Pleurogrammus azonus Jordan et Metz, 1913 (Scorpaeniformes: Hexagrammidae). Jap. J. Ichthyol. 40(4):487-490. (Ref. 11913)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: highly commercial; aquaculture: commercial
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7502 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00439 - 0.02741), b=3.04 (2.82 - 3.26), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tm=2-4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .