Plectrypops retrospinis  (Guichenot, 1853)

Cardinal soldierfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Plectrypops retrospinis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Plectrypops retrospinis (Cardinal soldierfish)
Plectrypops retrospinis
Juvenile picture by Bryan, D.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Beryciformes (Sawbellies) > Holocentridae (Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Myripristinae
Etymology: Plectrypops: Greek,plektron = anything to strike with, spur + Greek, ops = appearance (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 22 m (Ref. 40101).   Tropical; - 24°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Bermuda (Ref. 9710), southern Florida (USA), and the Bahamas to northern South America.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26340)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14; Anal spines: 4; Anal soft rays: 11. Small, chunky squirrelfish without a preopercular spine. Circumorbital bones have slender spines, those below eye forward-pointing (Ref. 26938). Body brilliant orangish red, fins somewhat paler. Spines near angle of preopercle somewhat enlarged. Soft dorsal, caudal and anal fins unscaled, their lobes broadly rounded (Ref. 7251).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Remains in deep recesses during the day. Rarely seen (Ref. 9710). Found in holes and caves in coral reefs (Ref. 26938).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Randall, John E. | Collaborators

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.8 - 28.2, mean 27.4 (based on 745 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01778 (0.00686 - 0.04609), b=3.02 (2.79 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .