Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Otopharynx: Greek, ous = hear + Greek, pharyngx = pharynx (Ref. 45335); pachycheilus: Named after the thick lip, the character that first made this species immediately recognizable as a unique three-spotted taxon (Ref. 40031).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal; depth range 125 - 135 m (Ref. 58018). Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40031); 15.1 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 15 - 17;
soft rays: 8 - 10. Body relatively deep; head large (Ref. 40031). Jaws isognathous (Ref. 40031). Lips greatly enlarged (Ref. 40031, 54524), soft, and deeply folded back onto snout and lower jaw (Ref. 40031). Premaxillary pedicel not prominent (Ref. 40031). Teeth in outer rows of upper and lower jaws bicuspid, relatively closely set (Ref. 40031). Pectoral fin relatively long, extending past base of third anal fin spine to base of seventh anal fin ray (Ref. 40031). Caudal fin scaled more than three quarters of fin length near dorsal and ventral edges (Ref. 40031).
Africa: Lake Malawi.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Arnegard, M.E. and J. Snoeks, 2001. New three-spotted cichlid species with hypertrophied lips (Teleostei: Cichlidae) from the deep waters of Lake Malawi/Nyasa, Africa. Copeia 2001(3):703-717. (Ref. 40031)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01862 (0.00776 - 0.04469), b=3.00 (2.80 - 3.20), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .