Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 27 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical
Eastern Central Pacific: Hawaii to the Marquesas Islands and central and eastern Polynesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
Inhabits clear lagoons and seaward reefs (Ref. 9710) as well as the quiet waters of the shore line. Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Feeds on algae and invertebrates (Ref. 89972).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E., 1996. Shore fishes of Hawai'i. Natural World Press, Vida, Oregon. 216 p. (Ref. 26145)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.5 - 29, mean 27.8 (based on 166 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03548 (0.01693 - 0.07438), b=2.81 (2.62 - 3.00), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Fec assumed to be > 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .