Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; anadromous (Ref. 51243). Temperate; 41°S - 44°S (Ref. 26213)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5259); common length : 5.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5259)
Oceania: Tasmania, particularly along the northern and southeastern coasts.
Occurs in coastal seas, estuaries and rivers. An annual species, with an anadromous life cycle. In spring, large shoals of adults migrate from the sea into rivers and estuaries to spawn. Eggs are deposited on the bottom or among debris. They hatch in 2-3 weeks, and the fry are swept out to sea where they undergo development. Adults die shortly after spawning. Also known as Derwent whitebait (Ref. 44894).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R., 1989. Freshwater fishes of Australia. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., Neptune City, New Jersey. (Ref. 5259)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .