Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Centrarchidae
Etymology: Lepomis: Greek, lepis = scaled + Greek, poma = gill cover, operculum (Ref. 45335, 79012); humilis: humilis meaning humble, referring to the small size (Ref. 10294).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate; 10°C - 28°C (Ref. 12468); 48°N - 29°N
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 7.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref. 72462)
North America: lower Great Lakes (in southern ends of Lakes Erie and Michigan), Hudson Bay, and Mississippi River basin from Ohio to southern North Dakota, and south to Louisiana in the USA; in Gulf Slope drainages from Mobile Bay in Alabama to Colorado River in Texas in the USA.
Inhabits quiet pools of creeks and small to large, often turbid, rivers; usually near brush (Ref. 5723, 10294). Feeds on microcrustaceans and aquatic insect larvae, principally chironomid dipterans (Ref. 10294).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Aquarium: public aquariums
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01175 (0.00645 - 0.02141), b=3.09 (2.93 - 3.25), based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.55 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .