Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Atheriniformes
(Silversides) > Atherinopsidae
(Neotropical silversides) > Menidiinae
Etymology: Labidesthes: Greek, labidos = pair of forceps + Greek esthio = to eat; in reference to the shape of the mouth (Ref. 45335); sicculus: From the word siccus, meaning dried (referring to being found in drying pools) (Ref. 10294).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; pelagic. Subtropical; 5°C - 20°C (Ref. 13614), preferred ?; 46°N - 25°N
North America: St. Lawrence-Great Lakes (except Lake Superior) and Mississippi River basins from southern Quebec in Canada to eastern Minnesota and south to Louisiana in the USA; from Santee River drainage in South Carolina to Galveston Bay drainage in Texas, USA.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 7.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 8.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 2 years (Ref. 12193)
Occur near surface of lakes, ponds, and quiet pools of creeks and small to large rivers. Usually found in open water (Ref 5723, 10294). Feed on zooplankton, including copepods, cladocerans, and midge larvae (Ref. 10294).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00479 (0.00207 - 0.01108), b=3.10 (2.90 - 3.30), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=3.70; tmax=2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .