Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Labeotropheus: Latin, labeo = one who has large lips + Greek, tropaion = defeat, a memorial of a fighting war, trophy; because of their specialized teeth were such an obvious feeding adaptation (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 8.0 - 8.0; dH range: 5 - 12; depth range ? - 15 m (Ref. 89965). Tropical; 21°C - 24°C (Ref. 1672); 10°S - 15°S
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5652)
Africa: Boadzulu, Thumbi West, Zimbawe, Mumbo, Nakantenga, Maleri, Nankoma and Namalenje Islands, Masinje Rocks, Chirombo Point to Nkhata Bay and Lion's Cove to Chitande in Lake Malawi.
Scrapes algae off rocks and also takes in small crustaceans and worms (Ref. 7020).
Female takes brood into her mouth and takes care of the young.
Maréchal, C., 1991. Labeotropheus. p. 207-209. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussles; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5652)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00589 - 0.03548), b=3.03 (2.82 - 3.24), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec<1000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .