Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Kyphosidae
(Sea chubs) > Kyphosinae
Etymology: Kyphosus: Greek, kyphos = bent (Ref. 45335); hawaiiensis: Named for its range of distribution, Hawaii Islands and adjacent waters.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - ? m (Ref. 58302). Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 41.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55727)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Diagnosis: Body oval, deep and well compressed. Mouth terminal, slightly oblique ventrally and the anterior tip o upper jaw bluntly pointed. Anterior part of anal-fin soft-rayed portion well elevated; the longest anal-fin soft ray (second) longer than the longest dorsal-fin spine (sixth). Gill rakers 23-25 (mode 24). Pectoral fin long and broad, with 18-19 (mode 18) soft rays. Pelvic fin when depressed almost reaching the anus (Ref. 55727).
Central Pacific: Hawaiian and Line Island groups.
Benthopelagic in shallow water, in the surge zone near coral and rocky reefs (Ref. 58302).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Knudsen, S.W. and K.D. Clements, 2013. Revision of the fish family Kyphosidae (Teleostei: Perciformes). Zootaxa 3751(1):001-101. (Ref. 95491)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01778 (0.00711 - 0.04445), b=3.01 (2.79 - 3.23), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .