Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Triakidae
(Houndsharks) > Galeorhininae
Etymology: Iago: The villain in Shakespeare´s Othello.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 110 - 2195 m (Ref. 244). Deep-water; 30°N - 10°N
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 37.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 244); 58.0 cm TL (female)
Brown or grey dorsally, lighter below; dorsal and caudal fins may have darker tips and leading edges (Ref. 5485).
Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea, Gulf of Aqaba (Ref. 9942) and Gulf of Oman to Pakistan and southwestern India. A low-finned, somewhat short-headed Iago is largely sympatric with Iago omanensis at least off southwestern India, and in the Bay of Bengal there is possibly a dwarf, omanensis-like Iago that may or may not be distinct.
Found on the continental shelf and slope. Water temperature: 16-25°C. Oxygen level: 0.2-2.4 ppm. Feeds on bony fishes (mostly lanternfishes) and cephalopods. Sexual dimorphism by size exists. Viviparous (with a yolk-sac placenta), with probably 2 to 10 young in a litter. Utilized fresh for human consumption.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Viviparous, placental (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00380 (0.00161 - 0.00896), b=3.09 (2.88 - 3.30), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .