Hime japonica  (Günther, 1877)

Japanese thread-sail fish
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Hime japonica   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Hime japonica (Japanese thread-sail fish)
Hime japonica
Picture by Shao, K.T.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Aulopiformes (Grinners) > Aulopidae (Aulopus)

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 85 - 510 m (Ref. 58302).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: confirmed to occur from Japan, Korea and the East China Sea south to Taiwan.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7434); common length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9137)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-16; Anal soft rays: 9 - 10; Vertebrae: 41 - 43. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D 16, rarely 15; A 10, rarely 9; pectoral fin rays 11, rarely 12; vertebrae41-43; total gill rakers 20 or 21, rarely 19 or 22; lateral line scales 42-43, rarely 41; pyloric caeca 11; in males, dorsal fin is large anteriorly, the membranes deeply incised but none of the rays are filamentous, third or fourth rays longest, reaching 25.7% SL, decreasing in length to middle of fin with posterior rays progressively longer, reaching 19.5% SL, its posterior lobe reaching to or past adipose n origin; in females, anterior end o fin lower, with membranes deeply incised and rays decreasing in length to middle of fin, lengths of subsequent rays subequal, posterior lobe reaching little more than half way to adipose fin; anal fin in males is relatively deep with posterior lobe approaching hypural crease in large individuals, smaller in females with posterior lobe reaching little more than half way to hypural crease; Males have prominent, large orange to red blotch or markings anteriorly and yellow spots posteriorly in dorsal fin, 3 broad bands on side with wide dark brown margins dorsally, wide yellow stripes on each lobe of caudal fin and white pelvic and anal fins the pelvic somewhat orange basally and anal with broad yellow stripe on basal half; females have orange to red spots scattered on dorsal fin, similar but less defined pattern on side, caudal fine with mottled yellow to orange pattern, similar pelvic fin but no yellow on anal fin (Ref. 94775j).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in sandy or muddle areas (Ref. 9137). Benthic (Ref. 58302). Can also be found at 30 m depths (Ref. 11230). A carnivore which feeds on fish and crabs (Ref. 9137).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Thompson, Bruce | Collaborators

Randall, J.E. and K.K.P. Lim (eds.), 2000. A checklist of the fishes of the South China Sea. Raffles Bull. Zool. Suppl. (8):569-667. (Ref. 36648)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 5.7 - 21.3, mean 15.2 (based on 146 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.66 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tm=1-3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.