Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Clinidae
Etymology: Heterostichus: Greek, heteros = other + Greek, stix, -ichos = row (Ref. 45335). More on author: Girard.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 2850). Subtropical; 42°N - 14°N, 125°W - 92°W
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 61.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref. 56049)
Eastern Pacific: California, USA to southern Baja California, Mexico including Guadalupe Island.
Occurs in intertidal and to 40 m (Ref. 96339). Found among rocks with large seaweeds, often in kelp. Young occur in schools while adults are solitary. Feeds on small crustaceans, mollusks and small fishes. Female attaches eggs to seaweeds, male guards them.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00223 - 0.01237), b=3.07 (2.86 - 3.28), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.62 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=1.25; tmax=4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .