Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Hemitremia: Greek, hemi = half + Greek, trema = hole (Ref. 45335); flammea: From the words hemi, meaning half; tremia, aperture (referring to the incomplete lateral line); and flammea, flaming (referring to the bright red breeding colors) (Ref. 10294).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal. Temperate; 37°N - 33°N
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 10294)
North America: found in the middle Cumberland (mostly Caney Fork) and Tennessee River drainages in Tennessee, Georgia and Alabama, USA; also in Kelley Creek (in the Coosa River system) in northeastern Alabama, USA.
Found in springs and spring-fed streams, usually over gravel (Ref. 5723, 10294). Feed on midge larvae supplemented with isopods, oligochaetes, hemipterans, and snails (Ref. 10294).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00391 - 0.01767), b=3.12 (2.93 - 3.31), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm<1).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .