Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins) > Stevardiinae
Etymology: Hemibrycon: Greek, hemi = half + Greek, bryko = to bite (Ref. 45335); rafaelense: The specific name refers to San Rafael Creek, the drainage system where the new species was collected.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 18°C - ? (Ref. 77138)
South America: San Rafael Creek and Apia River in the Risaralda River system, upper Cauca River in Colombia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 77138)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 40 - 41. Differs from all other species of the genus by the number of cusps on the row of internal premaxilla teeth (3-5 vs. 5-7 except Hemibrycon surinamensis), the number of predorsal scales (10-12 vs.12-17, except Hemibrycon jelskii and Hemibrycon orcesi ), and by postcleithrum 1 much closer to postcleithrum 2 (vs. postcleithrum 1 and 2 clearly separated).
Inhabits clear water with stone and sand substrates (Ref. 77138).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Román-Valencia, C. and D.K. Arcila-Mesa, 2008. Hemibrycon rafaelense n. sp. (Characiformes, Characidae), a new species from the upper Cauca River, with keys to Colombian species. Anim. Biodivers. Conserv. 31(1):67-75. (Ref. 77138)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00617 (0.00266 - 0.01427), b=3.15 (2.95 - 3.35), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .