Gymnotus arapaima  Albert & Crampton, 2001

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Gymnotus arapaima
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gymnotiformes (Knifefishes) > Gymnotidae (Naked-back knifefishes)
Etymology: Gymnotus: Greek, gymnos = naked (Ref. 45335);  arapaima: Named for the pirarucu Arapaima gigas (Teleostei: Osteoglossomorpha), referring to the elongate and slightly depressed head, which it resembles. Noun in apposition.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 6.3 - 7.2.   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Mamirauá lake system, Lago Tefé, and terra firme swamps near the town of Tefé in Central Amazonia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 55.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 41292); max. published weight: 450.00 g (Ref. 41292)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Possess reverse counter shading (lighter on top) in which the dark bands are interrupted dorsally and the pale interband regions merge on the dorsum and in which the dorsum has a silver-blue sheen in life, and very large anterior nares (diameter about that of eye), associated with a large cleft in the anterolateral margin of the ethmoid region resulting in a square anterior margin of snout between the anterior nares. With deep body (body depth 11-13% TL versus 6-10): long head (head length 12.7-13.6% TL versus 8.8-12.6), and depressed head (head depth 53-57% TL versus 58-64) (Ref. 41292).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Juveniles commonly collected in várzea floating meadows, adults in várzea flooded forest but rarely caught in floating meadows where they are presumed to spawn.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Campos-da-Paz, Ricardo | Collaborators

Albert, J.S. and W.G.R. Crampton, 2001. Five new species of Gymnotus (Teleostei: Gymnotiformes) from an upper Amazon floodplain, with descriptions of electric organ discharges and ecology. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 12(3):241-266. (Ref. 41292)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00417 (0.00193 - 0.00902), b=3.04 (2.84 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.40 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .