Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Fundulidae
(Topminnows and killifishes)
Etymology: Fundulus: Latin, fundus = bottom; a peculiar name for a topminnow, coined for a bottom species of Atlantic coast being "the abode of the fundulus mudfish" (Ref. 45335). More on author: Girard.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; brackish; benthopelagic; non-migratory. Subtropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6792); common length : 7.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 3 years (Ref. 12193)
Eastern Pacific: Morro Bay, California, USA to Bahía Magdalena, Baja California, Mexico.
Commonly found in bays and salt marshes near shore, may enter freshwater (Ref. 36572). Often used in laboratories for environmental studies. Not a seasonal killifish. Is very difficult to maintain in aquarium (Ref. 27139). Oviparous, with micro-nektonic larvae (Ref. 36572). Single demersal eggs are attached to spawning substrate via small weakly adhesive filaments (Ref. 36572).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Huber, J.H., 1996. Killi-Data 1996. Updated checklist of taxonomic names, collecting localities and bibliographic references of oviparous Cyprinodont fishes (Atherinomorpha, Pisces). Société Française d'Ichtyologie, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France, 399 p. (Ref. 27139)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00302 - 0.01587), b=3.21 (3.00 - 3.42), based on LWR estimates for species & (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.2 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.93; tmax=3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .