Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 20 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 1 - 2 cm
Max length : 3.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48637); max. reported age: 0 years (Ref. 58013)
soft rays: 7 - 8. Characterized by semi-translucent body with irregular, internal reddish midlateral stripe; white stripe along spinal column interrupted by reddish bars that extend ventrally; row of small reddish spots along dorsal midline; usually with narrow reddish bars above anal fin; often prolonged and filamentous first four dorsal spines of male and first three of female; unbranched pectoral rays; longitudinal scale series 21-24; ctenoid scales, absent on head , nape and pectoral fin base; depth of body 4.3-5.0 in SL (Ref. 90102).
Indo-West Pacific: Seychelles to the Great Barrier Reef and Micronesia, north to the Ogasawara Islands (Ref. 26066). Recently reported from Tonga (Ref. 53797).
Adults live for 59 days at the most, with larvae spending three weeks in the open ocean and maturing within two weeks of settling on a reef, leaving the adults (which are 1 to 2 centimeters long) just three weeks to reproduce. This strategy of 'live fast, die young' is perceived to be a response to intense predation. Daily mortality rate, from tag-recapture data, might be as high as 8% (Ref. 54199). Occur at depths less than 4 to between 17 and 21 m on sandy bottoms of lagoon reefs (Ref. 1602, 37816, 48637). Minimum depth from Ref. 58018.
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00589 (0.00269 - 0.01291), b=3.13 (2.94 - 3.32), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tmax=0.16; Fec = 400 (lifetime)).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .