Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Syngnathiformes
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathinae
Etymology: Enneacampus: Greek, ennea = nine times + Greek, kampe = curvature (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; demersal; pH range: 7.0 - 7.5; dH range: 10 - 18. Tropical; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 1672)
Africa: western coast of Africa from the Gambia river drainage (Gambia) to the Cuanza river (Angola) (Ref. 4127, 81680).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 81680)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Adults occur in coastal rivers and streams (Ref. 4127, 81680), and swamps (Ref. 57226, 81680). Seems confined to fresh water habitats and breeds in fresh water (Ref. 81680). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). Feeds (mainly) on copepods (Ref. 81680). Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205). Dawson (1981) reported 17-36 postlarvae in the brood pouch of males of 75.5-82.5 mm SL; a larger male (MRAC 143259: 136.4 mm SL) caught in December 1964, in a swampy area about 200 m from the coast of Bioko Island (formerly Fernando Poo), has its brood pouch filled with several hundred postlarvae (Ref. 81680).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205).
Dawson, C.E., 1986. Syngnathidae. p. 281-287. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4127)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00049 (0.00022 - 0.00111), b=3.10 (2.91 - 3.29), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .