Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Clinostomus: Greek, klinein, kline = sloping and bed, due to the four apophyses of sphenoid bone + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal. Temperate; 44°N - 38°N
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 8.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref. 12193)
North America: upper Susquehanna River drainage in New York and Pennsylvania, USA; Great Lakes (except Lake Superior) and Mississippi River basins from New York and southern Ontario, Canada to Minnesota and south to West Virginia, northern Kentucky, Indiana, Wisconsin and Iowa, USA.
Inhabits rocky and sandy pools of headwaters, creeks and small rivers. Largest populations occurs in clear, spring-fed streams.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00312 - 0.01398), b=3.06 (2.87 - 3.25), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.40 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .