Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Pomacanthidae
Etymology: Paracentropyge: Greek, para = the side of + greek, kentron = sting + Greek, pyge = tail (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 7 - 70 m (Ref. 9710), usually 20 - 70 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical; 35°N - 25°S
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48636)
Indo-Pacific: Cocos-Keeling Atoll to the Society Islands, north to the Yaeyama Islands, south to the Great Barrier Reef.
Inhabits ledges and caves and crevices of steep outer reef slopes; occasionally found in clear lagoon reefs. It is secretive and rarely goes out more than a few centimeters from an escape hole (Ref. 9710). Forms pairs or small groups. Occasionally exported through the aquarium trade. Usually starves when kept in captivity (Ref. 48391). Often upside-down (Ref. 48636).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Burgess, W.E., 1991. Two new genera of angelfishes, family Pomacanthidae. Trop. Fish Hobbyist , March 1991:68-70. (Ref. 9071)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03020 (0.01507 - 0.06051), b=2.89 (2.71 - 3.07), based on LWR estimates for this Family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.33 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .