Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Tetraodontiformes
(Puffers and filefishes) > Monacanthidae
Etymology: Cantherhines: Greek, kanthos = the outer or inner corner of the eye, where the lids meet, 1646 + Greek, rhinos = nose (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 73 m (Ref. 58302). Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3921)
Eastern Central Pacific: Hawaiian Islands.
Benthopelagic over coral and rock (Ref. 58302). Feeds mainly on algae and detritus, but also takes tunicates, corals, sponges and other benthic animals (Ref. 3921). Young spotted (Ref. 1623).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E., 1985. Guide to Hawaiian reef fishes. Harrowood Books, Newtown Square, PA 19073, USA. 74 p. (Ref. 3921)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02089 (0.00988 - 0.04419), b=2.92 (2.74 - 3.10), based on LWR estimates for this Family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.21 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .