Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Orectolobiformes
(Carpet sharks) > Brachaeluridae
Etymology: Brachaelurus: Greek, brachys = short + greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 140 m (Ref. 6871). Tropical; 11°S - 36°S, 112°E - 143°E (Ref. 54288)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 122 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 247); common length : 62.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 247); common length :66 cm TL (female)
Southwest Pacific: confined to Australia, southern Queensland and New South Wales. Records from Western Australia and northern Territory need confirmation.
Usually found close inshore in tide pools (barely deep enough to keep it covered) and at the surf line, but sometimes deeper (Ref. 247). Prefers rocky shoreline areas and coral reefs (Ref. 247, 43278). Feeds on small reef invertebrates (Ref. 247), including crabs, shrimps, cuttlefish, squid and sea anemones (Ref. 43278), and small fishes (Ref. 247). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 43278, 50449). Thrives in an aquaria and capable of living out of water for a long time (Ref. 247).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). With 7 or 8 young in a litter (Ref. 247). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.62 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=7).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100) .