Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Rivulidae
Etymology: Austrolebias: Composed from Austro = the south + see under Lebias; varzeae: Named after the river basin where it is collected, the rio da Várzea.. More on author: Costa, Reis.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical
South America: known only from upper rio Uruguay basin in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 54764)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 27 - 28. Easily distinguished from all congeners by having a unique color pattern of male, consisting of dark gray bars on flank, the three anteriormost bars distinctively darker and narrower than posterior ones. Differs from A. carvalhoi by having more anal-fin rays in male (23-26 vs. 21-22), longer anal-fin base length (38.1-40.9% SL vs. 31.4-35.1% SL) and more caudal-fin rays (28-29 vs. 25-26). Urogenital papilla of male not attached to anal fin, pelvic fins not united medially, 22-24 dorsal-fin rays in male and 16-18 in female, 18-19 anal-fin rays in female and 28-30 scales in the longitudinal series (Ref. 54764).
The type specimens were collected in a temporary lagoon with shallow water (maximum depth about 1.5 m) and vegetation composed mainly of grasses, Nymphaea sp., Lutwigia sp., and a large volume of filamentous algae (Ref. 54764).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Costa, W.J.E.M., R.E. Reis and E.R. Behr, 2004. Austrolebias varzeae, a new annual fish from the upper rio Uruguay basin, southern Brazil (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae). Neotrop. Ichthyol. 2(1):13-17. (Ref. 54764)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01175 (0.00445 - 0.03100), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .