Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Cichlasomatinae
Etymology: Australoheros: From the Latin word 'australis' meaning southern, and the name Heros, after the nominotypic genus of the heroini tribe.
tribe; macaensis: Named 'macaensis' in allusion to the river basin where the species was collected.. More on author: Costa.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Rio Macaé basin in southeastern Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 79631)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8 - 9;
Vertebrae: 26. Distinguished from other congeners by the combination of the following characters: caudal vertebrae 12; absence of mark on side of head; head with a depression near the snout in individuals above 3.0 cm SL; wide ectopterygoid; arms of epibranchial 2 with two long tubular processes; arm of epibranchial 1 long; 25 proximal radials on dorsal-fin base; 13-14 proximal radials on anal-fin base; pre-orbital depth 55.8-58.8% HL; interorbital width 43.9-47.9% HL; arms of vertical trunk bar 7 with the same width; dorsal-fin spines 16; dorsal-fin rays 10-11; anal-fin rays 8-9; scales on lower lateral line row 8-10; snout not robust; rib pairs 11; and pre-orbital depth 55.8-58.8% HL (Ref. 79631).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ottoni, F.P. and W.J.E.M. Costa, 2008. Taxonomic revision of the genus Australoheros Rican & Kullander, 2006 (Teleostei: Cichlidae) with descriptions of nine new species from southeastern Brazil. Vertebrate Zoology 58(2):207-232. (Ref. 79631)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .