Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Aulonocara: Greek, aulos = flute + Greek, kara = face, head (Ref. 45335); gertrudae: Named after Dr. Gertrud Dudin, wife of Ad Koning, for her moral support, her interest in cichlids, and for her patience (Ref. 40898).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range 3 - 30 m (Ref. 40898), usually 15 - ? m (Ref. 40898). Tropical
Africa: both western and eastern shores of Lake Malawi.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40898)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Found in sandy areas (Ref. 40898).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Territorial males either dig crater nests, defend a rocky cave (north of Ruhuhu), or dig a spawning pit against a rock. Mouthbrooder.
Konings, A., 1995. Lake Malawi cichlids. The Cichlids Yearbook 5:26-36. (Ref. 40898)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00700 - 0.03275), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming Fec<1000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .