Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Stomiiformes
(Lightfishes and dragonfishes) > Stomiidae
(Barbeled dragonfishes) > Astronesthinae
Etymology: Astronesthes: Greek, astra = ray + Greek, esthes, -es = suit, something used to wrap (Ref. 45335); lucibucca: The name is derived from the Latin 'lux' (light) and 'bucca' (cheek), referring to the unique specific characteristic (the presence of luminous patches in the cheek region) (Ref. 27676).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; depth range 150 - 210 m (Ref. 27676). Subtropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Southeast Pacific: Type specimens were taken from the transition zone between the subtropical and subantarctic gyres. Possibly, it is more widely distributed in the transitional zone of the southern hemisphere, i.e., in the southern Subtropical Convergence Region.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27676)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 14 - 16;
Vertebrae: 45 - 46. Last photophore of VAL series in advance both of origin of anal and last photophore of VAV series. Luminous patches on head, when fully developed in fish > 9.5 cm SL, appearing on upper, middle and lower parts of gill cover and behind eye, on cheek; no luminous patches on body. In immature fish < 6 cm SL, chin barbel fully developed, longer than head, its swollen tip forming a narrow lobe with weak oblique ribs; distal part of barbel twisted at a right angle (Ref. 27676).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Parin, N.V. and O.D. Borodulina, 1996. Revision of the Astronesthes indicus species group (Astronesthidae), with descriptions of five new species. J. Ichthyol. 36(8):551-565. (Ref. 27676)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 9 - 10.7, mean 9.9 (based on 1048 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00380 (0.00145 - 0.00994), b=3.10 (2.87 - 3.33), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .