Arapaima agassizii  (Valenciennes, 1847)

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Arapaima agassizii
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Osteoglossiformes (Bony tongues) > Arapaimidae (Bonytongues)
Etymology: Arapaima: From tupí-guaraní, arapaima (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: known only from the holotype from Brazilian Amazon.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Can be diagnosed from its congeners by possessing the following characters: 44 dentary teeth, counted on single ramous only; 43 maxillary teeth; orbit diameter 1.5, relatively small compared to similar-sized individuals; interorbital width 4.1, relatively narrow; parietals with pronounced posterior projections that are pointed and curve slightly toward the midline; caudal fin widely separated from dorsal and anal fins by relatively long caudal peduncle, 9.7; caudal-peduncle length divided by peduncle depth 2.4; 26 anal-fin rays, with distinctly shorter basal length than that of dorsal fin; dorsal and anal fins extremely low in profile (dorsal-fin base divided by longest dorsal-fin ray about 7; longest dorsal-fin ray in anterior third of fin); and first pectoral-fin ray not (or only slightly) enlarged in diameter and with proximal tip similar in form to second and subsequent pectoral-fin rays. Can be further distinguished from Arapaima gigas by having single row of small teeth on dentary (vs. 2-2.5 rows of enlarged teeth in A. gigas ) (Ref. 93668).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Stewart, D.J., 2013. Re-description of Arapaima agassizii (Valenciennes), a rare fish from Brazil (Osteoglossomorpha: Osteoglossidae). Copeia 2013(1):38-51. (Ref. 93668)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5938   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (78 of 100) .