Apsilus dentatus  Guichenot, 1853

Black snapper
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Apsilus dentatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Apsilus dentatus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Lutjanidae (Snappers) > Apsilinae
Etymology: Apsilus: Greek, apsilos, -e, -on = hairless, shorn, peeled (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Guichenot.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 100 - 300 m, usually 120 - 180 m (Ref. 55).   Tropical; 29°N - 9°N, 87°W - 60°W (Ref. 55)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Central Atlantic: West Indies, Florida Keys, western Gulf of Mexico, western Caribbean (off Belize), probably more widespread in Caribbean (Anderson, pers. comm.).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 40.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 65.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55); common length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55); max. published weight: 3.2 kg (Ref. 40637)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-10; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8. The snout is relatively short and pointed. Anterior teeth in upper jaw enlarged, canine-like. Interorbital space convex. Dorsal and anal fin bases without scales. Pectoral fins long reaching level of anus. Scale rows on back parallel to lateral line. The back and upper sides violet or dark brown becoming lighter ventrally. Juveniles are mainly blue in color.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit mainly rocky bottoms. Young sometimes found near the surface. Feed on fishes and benthic organisms, including cephalopods and tunicates. Flesh of good quality; marketed fresh and frozen.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 31172)




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01175 (0.00613 - 0.02250), b=3.00 (2.83 - 3.17), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.52 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.