Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins) > Characinae
Etymology: Acestrocephalus: Greek, agkistron = hook + Greek, kepahle = head (Ref. 45335); stigmatus: Derived from the Greek word stigma, meaning mark, spot, in reference to the dark spot found at the humeral region of this species.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Rio Tocantins, Rio das Mortes (tributary of Rio Araguaia) and Rio Xingu in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 111518); max. published weight: 45.00 g (Ref. 111518)
soft rays: 33 - 35;
Vertebrae: 38 - 39. Distinguished from all species of Acestrocephalusexcept Acestrocephalus boehlkei and Acestrocephalus maculosus by having a dark humeral blotch. Differs from Acestrocephalus boehlkei in having fewer anal-fin rays 29-31 (vs. 34-36) and fewer
scale rows around caudal peduncle 22-23 (vs. 25); and from Acestrocephalus maculosus in having more anal-fin rays 29-31 (vs. 25-27). The muscular hiatus of the pseudotympanum in Acestrocephalus stigmatus is narrower than that of Acestrocephalus boehlkei, but much more developed than that of Acestrocephalus
maculosus (Ref. 75890).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Menezes, N.A., 2006. Description of five new species of Acestrocephalus Eigenmann and redescription of A. sardina and A. boehlkei (Characiformes: Characidae). Neotrop. Ichthyol. 4(4):385-400. (Ref. 75890)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00449 - 0.01852), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .