Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Tetraodontiformes
(Puffers and filefishes) > Monacanthidae
Etymology: Acanthaluteres: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, luteira = to untie (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; demersal. Subtropical; 25°S - 45°S, 113°E - 159°E (Ref. 56257)
Indo-West Pacific: Perth to Sydney, Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9002)
soft rays: 26 - 32. Ventral flap moderately large with minute, indistinct ventral fin rudiment. Caudal fin rounded, fan-like in adults. Males with distinct blue lines, females brownish with pale spotting. Small juveniles green with white longitudinal band.
Primarily found in estuaries, schooling over seagrass beds and in Sargassum seaweed areas (Ref. 9002).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kuiter, R.H., 1993. Coastal fishes of south-eastern Australia. University of Hawaii Press. Honolulu, Hawaii. 437 p. (Ref. 9002)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 14.3 - 21, mean 17.5 (based on 118 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02188 (0.01058 - 0.04524), b=2.91 (2.73 - 3.09), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .