Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Iberochondrostoma: Name referring to the Iberian Peninsula where the genus is distributed..
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical, preferred ?; 43°N - 37°N, 9°W - 6°W
Europe: Portugal in Sado, Lizandro, Samarra, Colares and Ossos drainages, south bank tributaries of Tagus. In Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.1 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55426)
soft rays: 6 - 8. Diagnosis: Lateral line scales (43)45-49(51); above lateral line (9.5)10-11(10.5); right pharyngeal teeth 5-6 (Ref. 55426). Differs from its congeners by having eye diameter greater than snout length, usually 43-47 + 2-3 scales on lateral line and 3½-5 scale rows between lateral line and pelvic origin (Ref. 59043).
Found in coastal rivers and terminal segments of main rivers (Ref. 26100). Occurs in middle and lower reaches of streams, with slow current and underwater vegetation. Forms large spawning aggregations (Ref. 59043). Threatened due to habitat destruction (Ref. 26100).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Forms large spawning aggregations. A female spawns with one or a few males, which press the female against the substratum and eggs are released. These movements attract other individuals to start spawning. The aggregations disperse after about 20-60 seconds and many form again several times. Deposits adhesive eggs (Ref. 59043).
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00603 (0.00291 - 0.01246), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.2 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .