Gymnallabes typus  Günther, 1867

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Gymnallabes typus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Clariidae (Airbreathing catfishes)
Etymology: Gymnallabes: Greek, gymnos = hidden + Greek, allabes, -etos = a fish of the Nile, a kind of lamprey (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Günther.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Tropical; 17°N - 2°N

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: lower reaches and the delta of the Niger (Nigeria) and the Cross basin (Nigeria and Cameroon)(Ref. 57129, 81644). Also reported from the rivers Ouémé (Benin) (Ref. 57129, 81644) and Osse (Nigeria)(Ref. 57129).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 29.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 81644)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 96-109; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 83 - 94. Diagnosis: dorsal and anal fins always confluent with caudal fin (Ref. 57129, 81644). Body very elongate, maximum body depth 14-15% standard length (Ref. 57129), abdominal depth 4.5-8% SL (mean 6) (Ref. 81644). Head very short, 12.5-14.3% standard length; lateral cephalic bones separated from each other by a distinct gap (Ref. 57129). Distance between supraoccipital process and dorsal fin short, 5-14% SL; pectoral fins present, 30-56% skull length, supported by a short spine (about half of fin length); pelvic fins always present and short; skull short, 11-18% SL (mean 13), with a very narrow roof, 9-23% (mean 14) head length, partially covered by jaw muscles; these muscles almost completely exposed dorsally and laterally and frequently bulging (especially in larger specimens); supraoccipital process short and narrow, 10-20% (mean 16) head length; eyes very small (4-9%), bordered by small infraorbital bones (hard to observe externally); barbels long, maxillary longest (86-155% skull length); maxillary barbel connected at base to large skin folds that border mouth opening; when mouth is closed, these skin flaps are folded and conspicuous in dorsal view; internal mandibular barbel shortest, 58-99% (mean 76) head length (Ref. 81644). Coloration: in life: uniformly light brown (Ref. 81644). Preserved specimens: brownish-black on back and sides, light brown on belly (Ref. 57129). Ventral prepelvic region slightly paler than rest of body (Ref. 81644).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Prefers small streams and ditches with leaf litter. Also found in swamp regions. Diet probably consists of insect larvae, worms and similar smaller organisms. Fishes are not eaten (Ref. 78218).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Teugels, G.G., 2003. Clariidae. p. 144-173 In C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and G.G. Teugels (eds.) Faune des poissons d'eaux douce et saumâtres de l'Afrique de l'Ouest, Tome 2. Coll. Faune et Flore tropicales 40. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgique, Museum National d'Histoire Naturalle, Paris, France and Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Paris, France. 815 p. (Ref. 57129)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries:
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00046 - 0.00225), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.