Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Sciaenidae
(Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Atrobucca: Latin, atro = black + Latin, bucca = mouth (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range 45 - 200 m (Ref. 9772). Deep-water; 34°N - 28°S
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 14.5  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9772); common length : 25.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9772)
(total): 10 - 11;
soft rays: 7. A small, moderately-deep-bodied species. Swim bladder carrot-shaped, with 24 to 30 pairs of branched appendages, each with a dorsal and a ventral limb, regularly arranged so that the twiglets of the dorsal limb point backwards, and those near the tip of the ventral limb point forwards. The lateral line scales reaching the tip of the caudal fin. The linings of the mouth, gill chamber and body cavity black.
Indo-West Pacific: Mozambique and Natal, South Africa (Ref. 12484), India (Ref. 4373); China, Japan, Philippines, Indonesia, and off northern Australia.
Found in coastal waters down to a depth of 200 m or deeper (Ref. 9772), on seaweed beds and gravel (Ref. 11230). Important food fish.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sasaki, K. and P.J. Kailola, 1988. Three new Indo-Australian species of the sciaenid genus Atrobucca, with a reevaluation of generic limit. Jap. J. Ichthyol. 35(3):261-277. (Ref. 7483)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00617 (0.00331 - 0.01149), b=3.07 (2.92 - 3.22), based on LWR estimates for species & (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.15-0.3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (56 of 100) .